high frequency motion Sensor

What You Need to Know About High Frequency Motion Sensors

If your knowledge of motion sensors comes from sci-fi novels and heist movies, you are in for a surprise. Motion sensors are actually quite common and are a great way to control lighting and other security functions.

These sensors use infrared waves, microwaves or sound to detect movement and send an electronic signal. There are different types of sensors that differ in their sensitivity, coverage area and price.


A motion sensor needs to have a wide range to cover the area in question. Whether you need to monitor a large room, an entire building, or a small courtyard, there’s a model out there to meet your needs. Most standard models have a maximum detection distance of around 15 feet (4.6 meters), but you can also find models with higher sensitivity or much longer ranges.

A PIR motion detector works by observing the small changes in infrared radiation that occur when an object enters the sensors field of view. Different objects will peak at different infrared wavelengths based on their temperature, and the movement of an object causes a slight shift in the spectrum that is picked up by the motion detector.

Another common type of motion sensor is an ultrasonic sensor. These are active sensors that use echolocation. They emit ultrasonic signals in the frequency range beyond human hearing, and then listen for echoes that bounce off objects within their range of detection. The time it takes for the echo to return is used to calculate the distance of the object, and any change in the reflected signal can be interpreted as movement.

Other types of motion sensors include microwave and daylight sensors. These use similar principles Sensor Accessories to ultrasonic sensors, but are more tolerant of interference from heat sources like space heaters and HVAC vents. They can also be used in areas with high ceilings, or areas that are blocked by partition walls.


Occupancy sensors detect movement and can trigger lighting, HVAC, or alarm systems. They help increase energy efficiency and make buildings safer for employees and visitors. However, improperly positioned or installed sensors can cause false alarms that frustrate building managers and lead to costly fines from local authorities.

These sensors emit ultrasonic waves at a frequency above the human hearing range, which bounce off objects in the vicinity and return to the sensor. The sensor determines distance by measuring the time it takes for the signals to reach and return from the object. Most models allow you to configure sensitivity so that the sensor won’t activate unless it senses an object within a specified range.

The advantage of these sensors is that they are not affected by heat. The disadvantage is that they consume more power than PIR sensors and are susceptible to electrical interference. Some of these sensors use a combination of detection methods to minimize false alarms. For example, they combine a PIR and a microwave sensor. If the PIR sensor trips, the microwave sensor will activate. This helps to reduce energy consumption by requiring two sensors to trip in order to activate the system. The dual technology also decreases the risk of a single detector being triggered by noise, such as a moving car or swaying tree branches.

Low Power Consumption

Motion sensors are often used to trigger lighting, HVAC, and alarm systems. They can also control smart-home devices like thermostats and kitchen appliances. They can even “wake up” sleepy home electronics when a human passes by.

Depending on their design, they can either sense a change of some natural energy, or transmit their own and detect the reflected energy of objects or humans that enter their field of view (FOV). Passive sensors consume very little power, but require an unobstructed line-of-sight between the sensor and any target to be detected. Active occupancy sensors use more power, but have a more robust response to environmental conditions.

Passive motion sensors are prone to nuisance alarms from the sudden shadow of a light or from changes in ambient temperature or humidity. However, careful installation can minimize high frequency motion Sensor these effects. Experts recommend installing them away from heat sources whenever possible.

A typical motion sensor consists of a pyroelectric infrared (PIR) sensor element and an amplifier. The TC75S67TU amplifies the signal and outputs a digital output representing the presence or absence of motion. The MCU can also sample radar data for further signal processing.

COTS-based energy harvesting technology is applied to the sensor to enable a self-powered operation. The REWOD energy harvester generates AC voltages and powers the sensor’s signal conditioning circuitry by passing them through a DC-to-DC converter and rectifier.


The reliability of motion sensors is often related to the type of sensor used, and where it is placed. A properly installed and configured motion sensor will minimize false alarms that not only waste energy but can also frustrate customers, delay response to a real emergency, or even result in costly fines by local authorities.

PIR sensors are the most common and dependable type of motion sensor for both home and commercial applications. They emit a harmless infrared signal to detect movements and change in the signal’s reflection. These sensors work on a “line of sight” and cannot detect temperature changes through solid objects like walls or cubicle dividers, making them less effective for some indoor applications.

Microwave sensors send out microwave pulses that bounce off of moving objects in their coverage area. They can also measure distance to determine whether a person is moving towards or away from the sensor, allowing them to differentiate between ordinary movement and intruders. They require a more complex installation and are vulnerable to electronic interference.

Ultrasonic motion sensors are the least dependable of all types of motion detection. These devices emit sound waves that can be reflected off of walls and other surfaces, causing them to produce many false alarms. They can also be triggered by sources of electromagnetic radiation, heat, and wind. Usually, these are not recommended for outdoor use or indoors near windows and doors. Many manufacturers offer dual-technology motion sensors that combine a PIR sensor with either a microwave or ultrasonic technology to reduce the number of false ONs and OFFs. These devices require both technologies to be triggered in order to emit an alarm.